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Item Writing and Review


In the summer and fall of 2012, Smarter Balanced worked with educators to develop assessment items and performance tasks in English language arts/literacy and mathematics for the Pilot Test of the assessment system in early 2013.

Teachers will be recruited by Governing States to write and review items and performance tasks for content, bias/sensitivity, and accessibility. This work will be guided by the Smarter Balanced item/task specifications and review guidelines.

 

The following trainings provide background on the item and performance task development process, and will be used to train writers and reviewers.

 

Introduction to Smarter Balanced Item and Performance Task Development

This module will introduce educators to several terms and concepts that are commonly used when discussing the development of items and performance tasks. Educators will be introduced to the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium, and learn more about the Common Core State Standards, item and content specifications, and the various item and task types that will be developed for the Smarter Balanced assessment system. Educators will also be introduced to the other modules that are available to help them prepare to develop and review items and tasks.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (67MB)

 

Introduction to Evidence-Centered Design

This module will explore several concepts that provide a foundation for Evidence-Centered Design. It will begin with contrasting a traditional approach of developing items and tasks to an Evidenced-Centered approach. It will also present the following concepts: claims about student learning, assessment targets, evidence of student learning, and task models.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (49MB)

 

Universal Design, Accessibility, Bias and Sensitivity Considerations

This module examines the concepts of universal design and accessible assessment in detail, describes how these concepts are to be applied to guide the development and review of the items and tasks for the Smarter Balanced assessment system, and explains how issues of bias and sensitivity can affect the quality of items and tasks.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (80MB)

 

Mathematics Selected Response, Constructed Response, and Technology-Enhanced Items

The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium will use a variety of types of assessment items and tasks to assess student mathematical proficiency. This module explores commonly accepted best practices for writing selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items. This will help participants deepen their understanding of the purpose of selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items, and describe the components of selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items, understand the essential requirements of quality items, apply general guidelines for writing selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items, and identify exemplary and flawed items.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (71MB)

 

English Language Arts Selected Response, Constructed Response, Technology-Enhanced Item Design

This module will help participants deepen their understanding of the purpose of selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items, describe the components of selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items, understand the essential requirements of quality items, apply general guidelines for writing selected response, constructed response, and technology-enhanced items, and identify exemplary and flawed items.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (85MB)

 

Extended Response and Performance Task Design for Mathematics

This module focuses on writing extended response items and performance tasks.The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium will use a variety of types of assessment items and tasks to assess student mathematical proficiency.

 

Performance Tasks for English Language Arts

This module will describe performance tasks in detail and provide examples of key features of the performance tasks that will form an important part of the Smarter Balanced Assessment System.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (36MB)

 

Mathematics Content Specifications, Item Specifications, and Depth of Knowledge

This training module includes an overview of the structure of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, the Smarter Balanced Mathematics Content Specifications, and the Smarter Balanced Mathematics Item Specification. Also included is a description of how these documents are used by item writers to write high-quality test items and tasks, and an introduction to the Depth of Knowledge taxonomy for cognitive complexity.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (91MB)

 

English Language Arts Content Specifications, Item Specifications, and Depth of Knowledge

This module provides an overview of the documents used to inform the development of items and tasks, a description of how these documents are used by item writers to write high-quality items and tasks, and an introduction to the Depth of Knowledge taxonomy for cognitive complexity.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (56MB)

 

English Language Arts Stimulus Considerations

This module focuses on considerations for creating stimuli. The main purpose of stimulus materials is to provide a context for the item or task to which the student must respond.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (22MB)

 

Mathematics Stimulus Considerations

This module will explain the purpose of stimuli and how to use and create stimuli when writing mathematics items and performance tasks. The three learning outcomes of this module are: define the purpose of stimuli for mathematics items and tasks, identify different types of stimuli, and apply general guidelines to create stimuli.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (14MB)

 

Mathematics Grade Level Considerations for Grades 3-5

This module examines considerations for item and task development that are specific to grades three through five. The topics discussed in this module include: use of appropriate grade-level and mathematics vocabulary, an overview of the Smarter Balanced Style Guide, appropriate representation of numbers in items and tasks grade appropriate contexts, item difficulty, and the assessment targets that are grade-level specific.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (36MB)

 

Mathematics Grade Level Considerations for Grades 6-8

This module examines considerations for item and task development that are specific to grades six through eight. The topics discussed in this module include: use of appropriate grade-level and mathematics vocabulary, an overview of the Smarter Balanced Style Guide, appropriate representation of numbers in items and tasks, grade appropriate contexts, item difficulty, and the assessment targets that are grade-level specific.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (34MB)

 

Mathematics Grade Level Considerations for High School

This module also examines topics that should be considered when developing items and tasks for high school grades. The topics discussed in this module include: use of appropriate grade-level and mathematics vocabulary, an overview of the Smarter Balanced Style Guide, appropriate representation of numbers in items and tasks, grade appropriate contexts, item difficulty, and the assessment targets that are grade-level specific.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (53MB)

 

English Language Arts Grade Level Considerations for Grades 3-5

This module will examine the importance of considering reading level, vocabulary, grade appropriate contexts, item difficulty, and the assessment targets and associated expectations that are described in the Smarter Balanced Content Specifications.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (20MB)

 

English Language Arts Grade Level Considerations for Grades 6-8

The module will examine the importance of considering reading level, grade appropriate contexts, item difficulty, the assessment targets, and associated expectations for middle school students that are described in the Smarter Balanced Content Specifications.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (21MB)

 

High School English Language Arts Grade Level Considerations

This module examines considerations for item and task development that are specific to high school. Unlike the kindergarten through grade 8 Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts, the high school standards are not grade-level specific. The high school standards represent what students must know and be able to do upon graduation from high school.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (23MB)

 

English Language Arts Item Review Considerations

This module describes the structure and organization of the item review committee and the expectations of committee members. The module also examines the key considerations that review committee members should focus on when reviewing English Language Arts stimuli, items, and tasks, and how to determine the acceptability of items, tasks, and stimuli.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (30MB)

 

Mathematics Item Review Considerations

This module describes the structure and organization of the item review committee and the expectations of committee members. The module also examines the key considerations that review committee members should focus on when reviewing mathematics stimuli, items, and tasks, and how to determine the acceptability of items, tasks, and stimuli.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (29MB)

 

Accessibility Review

This module focuses on the accessibility review of items and performance tasks that have been developed for the Smarter Balanced Assessment System.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (63MB)

 

Bias and Sensitivity Review

This module focuses on several topics that members of the Bias and Sensitivity Review committee should be familiar with prior to reviewing the items and tasks that have been developed for the Smarter Balanced Assessment System.

Watch a Video of the Presentation (YouTube) (SchoolTube)

Download the PowerPoint Presentation

Download the Windows Media Audio/Video file (67MB)

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