Smarter Balanced is a state-led consortium with a transparent, consensus-based governance structure. Members include Governing, Affiliate and Licensing members. The Regents of the University of California, Los Angeles oversees all financial procurement on behalf of Smarter Balanced.


Governing members are fully committed to Smarter Balanced and have a vote in policy decisions, while Affiliate members may participate in work groups and provide guidance for the development of the assessment system. License members use Smarter Balanced items and forms, but do not participate in policy discussions or oversight. Each state appoints K-12 and higher education leads to coordinate with the Consortium. State representatives direct the Executive Committee and participate in five Smarter Balanced work groups. Smarter Balanced works closely with state education chiefs and elected officials to ensure that the assessment system meets the needs of member states.


Governing members



  • State Superintendent of Public Instruction: Tom Torlakson
  • K-12 State Lead: Michelle Center, Smarter Balanced State Lead, Assessment Development and Administration Division, California Department of Education
  • Higher Education Leads:
    • Monica Lin, Associate Director of Undergraduate Admissions, University of California
    • Denise F. Noldon, Ph.D., Interim Vice Chancellor for Student Services and Special Programs, California Community Colleges
    • Beverly Young, Assistant Vice Chancellor, Academic Affairs, California State University



  • Interim Commissioner of Education: Dianna Wentzell, Ph.D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Gail Pagano, Education Consultant, Bureau of Assessment, Connecticut State Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Senan Hayes, Ph.D., Professor, Western Connecticut State University



  • Secretary of Education: Mark Murphy
  • K-12 State Lead: Carolyn Lazar, Ph.D., Interim Director, Office of Assessment, Delaware Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Carol Vukelich, Professor, University of Delaware



  • Superintendent of Education: Kathryn S. Matayoshi, J.D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Patricia Reiss, Ph.D., Test Development Specialist, Hawaii State Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Joanne Itano, Ph.D., Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs, The University of Hawaii System



  • Superintendent of Public Instruction: Sherri Ybarra
  • K-12 State Lead: Angela Hemingway, Director, Division of Assessment, Idaho State Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Christopher Mathias, Ph.D., Chief Academic Officer, Idaho State Board of Education



  • Acting Commissioner of Education: Thomas A. Desjardin
  • K-12 State Lead: Charlene Tucker, Assessment and Accountability Team Coordinator, Maine Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Katherine Yardley, Ph.D., Associate Provost, Dean of Education, University of Maine at Farmington


  • Superintendent of Public Instruction: Michael P. Flanagan
  • K-12 State Lead: Andrew Middlestead, Director, Office of Standards and Assessment, Michigan Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Patty Farrell-Cole, Director, University Relations and Policy Research, Presidents Council, State Universities of Michigan


  • Superintendent of Public Instruction: Denise Juneau, J.D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Judy Snow, Director, State Assessment
  • Higher Education Lead: Neil Moisey, Interim Deputy Commissioner, Academic, Research, & Student Affairs, Montana



  • Superintendent of Public Instruction: Dale Erquiaga
  • K-12 State Lead: Dave Brancamp, Assistant Director, Office of Standards and Instructional Support, Nevada Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: William Speer, Director of the UNLV Mathematics Learning, and Professor of Mathematics Education, University of Nevada Las Vegas

New Hampshire

  • Commissioner of Education: Virginia M. Barry, Ph. D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Scott Mantie, Consultant for Assessment and Accountability, New Hampshire Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Julie Bernier, Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, Plymouth State University

North Dakota

  • Superintendent of Public Instruction: Kirsten Baesler
  • K-12 State Lead: Robert Bauer, Standards and Achievement, Assistant Director, Primary/Secondary Education Programs
  • Higher Education Lead: Sonia Cowen, Ph.D., Interim Vice Chancellor for Academic and Student Affairs, North Dakota University System


  • Deputy Superintendent of Public Instruction: Rob Saxton
  • K-12 State Lead: Doug Kosty, Assistant Superintendent Assessment and Information
  • Higher Education Lead: Lisa Reynolds, Ph.D., Education Specialist, Oregon Department of Community Colleges and Workforce Development


South Dakota

  • Secretary of Education: Melody Schopp, Ph.D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Jan Martin, Administrator of Assessment, South Dakota Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Paul Turman, Vice President for Research and Economic Development, South Dakota Board of Regents

 The Bureau of Indian Affairs

  • K-12 State Lead: Charles Roessel, Ph.D.


U.S. Virgin Islands

  • Acting Commissioner Donna Frett-Gregory
  • K-12 State Lead: Alexandria Baltimore-Hookfin, State Assessment Director, Virgin Island Department of Education



  • Commissioner of Education: Armando Vilaseca
  • K-12 State Lead: Frank Gerdeman, Director of Adult Education, High School Completion Program, Vermont Agency of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Fayneese Miller, Dean, College of Education and Socials Services, University of Vermont



  • Superintendent of Public Instruction: Randy Dorn
  • K-12 State Lead: Robin Munson, Assistant Superintendent, Division of Assessment and Student Information
  • Higher Education Lead: Randy Spaulding, Director of Academic Affairs, Higher Education Coordinating Board


West Virginia

  • Superintendent of Schools: Michael J. Martirano, Ed.D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Vaughn Rhudy, Coordinator, Office of Assessment
  • Higher Education Lead: Corley Dennison, Ph.D., Vice Chancellor of State Colleges and Senior Director of Academic Affairs, West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission



  • Superintendent of Public Instruction: Anthony Evers, Ph.D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Troy Couillard, Director of Office of Student Assessment
  • Higher Education Lead: James Wollack, Associate Professor, Educational Psychology; Director, Testing & Evaluation Services, and the University of Wisconsin Center for Placement Testing, University of Wisconsin


Affiliate members 


  • Director of Education: Brad Buck
  • K-12 State Lead: Tom Deeter, Lead Consultant, Assessment, Evaluation, Accountability
  • Higher Education Lead: Diana Gonzalez, Chief Academic Officer, Board of Regents

North Carolina

  • State Superintendent: June Atkinson, Ed.D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Tammy Howard, Director of Accountability Operations
  • Higher Education Lead: Alisa Chapman, Ph.D., Vice President for Academic and University Programs, University of North Carolina


  • Superintendent of Public Instruction: Jillian Balow
  • K-12 State Lead: Deb Lindsey, Director of Assessment, Wyoming Department of Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Jim Rose, Ed.D., Executive Director, Wyoming Community College Commission

License members



  • Commissioner of Education: Margie Vandeven, Ph.D.
  • K-12 State Lead: Michael Muenks, Coordinator of Curriculum and Assessment, Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
  • Higher Education Lead: Rusty Monhollon, Assistant Commissioner for Academic Affairs, Missouri Department of Higher Education


Executive Committee

The Smarter Balanced Executive Committee oversees the development of the assessment system and management of the Consortium’s funding. The Executive Committee is comprised of two co-chairs, four representatives from four separate Governing States, one representative from the Lead Procurement State (Washington), and two representatives from higher education. Executive Committee members and co-chairs are elected by the Governing States.



Deborah Sigman

Deputy Superintendent
Educational Services
Rocklin Unified School District

Co – Chair

Greg Gallagher

Director of Standards and Achievement
North Dakota Department of Public Instruction

Executive Committee Members

Frank Gerdeman

Director of Adult Education
Vermont Department of Education

Katherine Mahoney

Program Administrator, Workforce Education Division
Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges

Gail Pagano

Education Consultant
Connecticut State Department of Education

Patricia Reiss, Ph.D.

Test Development Specialist
Hawaii State Department of Education

Vaughn Rhudy, Ph.D.

Coordinator, Office of Assessment and Research
West Virginia Department of Education

Randy Spaulding, Ph.D.

Director of Academic Affairs and Policy
Washington Student Achievement Council

Beverly L. Young, Ph.D.

(Higher Education Representative)
Assistant Vice Chancellor, Academic Affairs
California State University System


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